The earth’s surface cools by convection, convective effect could never be overcome by an IR emissive gas EVEN IF NOTHING ELSE CHANGES, as these two articles below shows.
By Geraint Hughes
New experiment demonstrates that adding CO2 to a filament does not cause the temperature of the filament to rise, but instead causes it to fall.
Empirical evidence demonstrates that the greenhouse gas theory – which claims carbon dioxide causes global warming and/or delays climate cooling – is false.
This is new and independently verifiable laboratory proof of the physical thermodynamic effects of CO2.
If we were to believe the lies that Carbon Dioxide is the cause of global warming, via its mechanism of back radiation, then adding CO2 gas to a vacuum chamber, which within contains a tungsten filament, should cause the temperature of the filament to rise.
Heated Straight tungsten filament contained within a vintage vacuum bulb glows in the temperature range of 1000 to 2000K. It emits radiation in the IR wave bands which CO2 most strongly absorbs and so it would be expected that any back-radiant heating effect would be maximal and self-evident. Unfortunately as we will see later, it is not.
This can be seen in the CO2 spectral absorption graph, its absorbance in 4 to micron wavelength (light bulb spectra) is far in excess of the strength of its absorption in the 14 to 16 micron wavelengths.
The emission bands of a light bulb doesn’t peak at 4k, but there still is a significant portion of its energy being emitted in that range. This can be seen in the two graphs below so therefore we would expect the CO2 to absorb well this radiation being emitted.
So how to go about proving if this back radiant effect is all powerful, or if in fact, other far more dominant factors are at play. What perhaps is actually occurring?
To this end I have had constructed the twin vacuum chamber, portable comparison experiment. So that I can compare two different states of heat loss with each other and show this effect live if necessary.
The schematic of the experiment is shown below along with a picture of it.
Briefly you can see that this arrangement allows me to evacuate two chambers so I can make a comparison between two straight tungsten filaments, one in a vacuum and the other with a gas added.
To see a more detailed explanation of the experiment you can see these two links.
- https://youtu.be/g4GXJs8ROP4 – Twin Vacuum Video
- https://youtu.be/MCbFjqLPU1E – Evacuation First Stage
I conducted several different comparisons to see the differences between the two which can be seen in this video. The main comparisons are between the Vacuum bulb and the filament in carbon dioxide from 0 Bar, 0.2 Bar & 0.7 Bar.
Below is the picture of the filament at 0 Bar, vacuum.
You can see this is equally bright across the entire length of the filament, the filament is clearly very bright. It is bright top, middle and bottom.
So, what happens if I add a small amount of Carbon Dioxide to the filament? Are the filament surfaces “globally warmed” by the CO2 experiencing an increase in temperature as a result of back radiation, causing GMST to rise? Well, actually no.
At 0.7 Bar CO2 it can be seen that the bottom is now not even glowing at all with the middles dimmed visibly to a faint red glow and top glowing much less bright. The thinness of the filament is more evident, in the first picture the filaments look thick because of the brightness of the light. The filaments are approximately 0.005mm thick.
So we can concretely say that the addition of CO2 gas had no “heating effect” on the filaments at all. The cooling effect however on the filament is entirely evident. The cooling and convective effect could never be overcome by an IR emissive gas. From a radiation steady state temperature point of view, the effective surface area for cooling of the filament cage has increased. There are millions upon millions of molecules in this chamber and this energy is now being spread among them, whereas previously this was not the case.
As the gas is emissive the molecules would be emitting the radiation in all directions, in effect creating a filament / gas body which has a larger number of molecules and therefore a larger surface area for emissive cooling, compared to just the filament on its own. This increase in 3 dimensional surface area for cooling could never be overcome by an IR gas, no matter how many thousand times more powerful as supposed greenhouse gas it was.
The addition of the IR effects of the gas could never overcome conduction cooling losses, convective cooling losses or the increase in radiation losses due to having a larger 3D emissive area for cooling. It is an idiotic thing to even think it could, yet this is the kind of idiotic backward thinking, twaddle talking alarmists expect everyone to believe.
Increasing the current would make the filament brighter, adding Trillions and Trillions of CO2 gas molecules, could never replicate that increase.
The video experiments can be seen on the 7 links indicated below, which can be used in the you tube search facility or cut and pasted into the IE bar.
These videos are proofs that the fake science of “global warming” and the “radiation greenhouse effect” is not built upon solid foundations at all and the science of GMST rising as a result of CO2 presence in the atmosphere is nothing but a political fabrication in order to control and tax people in an unfair and unethical manner.
Quantum Mechanics & Raman Spectroscopy Refute Greenhouse Theory
By John O’Sullivan
New study debunks core claim in greenhouse gas theory that nitrogen and oxygen are not ‘greenhouse gases’ because they do not register with infrared (IR) spectroscopy – they do!
New analysis, using Raman Spectrometers, proves ALL atmospheric gases DO register with IR spectroscopy such that carbon dioxide can have no unique function to ‘trap heat/delay cooling.’ Therefore, the accepted theory that CO2 is a driver of climate is false, because every gas acts as a ‘greenhouse gas.’
Abstract Greenhouse theory’s premise, nitrogen and oxygen are not greenhouse gases as they do not emit and absorb infrared radiation presents a paradox; it contradicts both quantum mechanics and thermodynamics – where all matter above absolute 00 Kelvin radiates IR photons.
It was hypothesised these gases do radiate at quantum mechanics predicted spectra, and these spectra are observed by IR spectroscopy’s complement instrument, Raman Spectroscopy; and N2 spectra can be demonstrated to absorb IR radiation by experiment, and application of the N2-CO2 laser.
It was found the gases do possess quantum predicted emission spectra at 2338cm-1 and 1556cm-1 respectively, both well within the IR range of the EMS, and are only observed – and their temperatures accurately measured – by Raman Spectrometers.
Raman spectrometers measure, more accurately, the Keeling curve, and have application with meteorological Lidars and planetary atmospheric analysis. The N2-CO2 Laser showed – contrary to current greenhouse theory – N2 absorbs electrons or (IR) photons at its – metastable ‘long lasting’ – spectra mode.
It was argued atmospheric CO2, as a law, is heated by the same mechanism as the N2-CO2 laser: nitrogen (first) and the entire atmosphere absorbs IR radiation directly from the Sun, just as is heats water on the ocean surface. With these findings, greenhouse theory is wrong – all gases are GHGs – and needs review.
Key Words: Greenhouse effect, N2 and O2, Raman Spectroscopy, N2-CO2 Laser, Emission Spectroscopy
Introduction The current ‘standard’ model of greenhouse (GH) theory – first developed in the mid 19th Century, before 20th century quantum mechanics – claims the entire thermal-radiation behaviour of the atmosphere is explained by 1-2% of its constituent gases, the special greenhouse gases (GHGs).
They are assumed to be the only gases to absorb infrared (IR) radiation; the non-GHGs nitrogen (N2) and oxygen (O2) – 99% of the dry atmosphere – do not absorb or emit any IR radiation, at any temperature.
Any heat transferred to the non-GHGs comes only from collision with the special GHGs after these are heated from the Earth’s surface – there is no heat gained by them directly from the Sun’s irradiance. .
Notwithstanding these, and the other gases, are very poor thermal conductors, this GH theory of the atmosphere appears to be in direct contradiction with modern quantum mechanics: by Planck’s law of radiation all matter above absolute zero Kelvin absorbs and emits infrared radiation, and this should apply N2 and O2. This posses a catastrophe – an ‘IR catastrophe’.
While the science maybe said to be ‘settled’, as it is claimed to be; it appears the physics and chemistry are not. Either quantum mechanics is wrong, or GH theory is wrong? By quantum mechanics, all atoms or molecules possess predicted absorption-emission spectra lines (or modes) in the IR range of the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) by which they radiate. These predicted spectra-bands are observed by one of two types of IR spectrometers: either IR, or Raman spectrometers – and some modes are by both. It was hypothesised N2 and O2 are too GHGs, they obey to the laws of radiation physics.
The only reason separating them from the special GHGs is the instrument measuring them, and the fact they do not register with IR spectroscopy. N2 and O2 should have IR spectra bands, and these bands should be able to be observed by spectrometers.
Further to this, these facts should be applied in a demonstration or real life application to absorb and emit IR photons. By measurement and by practical application they too are GHGs – there are no special GHGs. This investigation was a review of the ‘science’ surrounding the non-GHGs and quantum mechanics, followed by practical applications and experiments of Raman IR spectroscopy and the said gases. It reviewed its application in atmospheric studies.
To show the gases absorb at IR spectra frequencies the operation of the N2-CO2 laser was studied.
Without evoking any of the arguments posited in the current ensuing ‘great’ political-climate debate surrounding GH theory, this paper aims to address the problem by looking at the ‘first principles’ physics (4.1).
The paper points to the problem being GH theory as it stands is based on 19th Century IR spectroscopy and neglects modern quantum mechanics and the laser based instruments – derived themselves from quantum knowledge. If the non-GHGs are equivalent to the special GHGs, and it is found that it is the instruments that are special; GH theory is wrong or incomplete.
From first principles 0th and 1st Laws of Thermodynamics all gases should transfer their energy towards equilibrium, where previous to this N2 and O2 were exempt.
Download and read the full paper at: