Abdominal Pain: Symptoms, Causes and Remedies

Cramping or discomfort in the abdomen (or stomach) region is a sign of abdominal pain. It is also known as a stomach ache, tummy ache, or a belly ache. Anywhere in the abdomen, including directly below the chest, in the middle, on one or both sides, or down into the groin, it can happen. The discomfort may be modest to severe, recent in onset, or long-lasting (long term).
Abdominal pain typically does not indicate any conditions that are immediately life-threatening. A more serious issue may be present if the aches are persistent and accompanied by additional symptoms like bloody stool, vomiting, or high fever. In this case, you should consult a doctor very once.

What Are the Most Common Causes of Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain is frequently a sign that something is wrong in the abdominal region. Abdominal pain can have a variety of reasons, from uncomplicated indigestion to serious illnesses. Pain may be a sign of a problem with the liver, pancreas, gallbladder, or kidneys rather than the stomach or intestines because so many organs, including those in the abdominal region, are all located there.
Most commonly, abdominal pain is caused by:
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • Trapped wind
  • Diarrhoea
  • Food poisoning
  • Inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis)
  • Other less common causes include:
  • Gallbladder stones
  • Inflammation of the appendix (appendicitis)
  • Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • Food allergies, such as lactose intolerance
  • Inflammation of the peritoneal lining of the stomach
  • Inflammation of abdominal lymph nodes
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Kidney stones
  • Physical injury to the abdominal area
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Tumor or cancer
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm (weakening of the main artery in the abdomen)
  • Lack of blood supply to the gut area (ischemic bowel)
  • Pulled or torn abdominal muscle
  • Hernias around the abdominal region
  • Bowel obstruction
Conditions in the chest and pelvic regions might also be mistaken for abdominal discomfort because they are so close to the belly. These circumstances include:
  • Urinary tract infection (for both men and women)
  • Menstrual cramping
  • Endometriosis
  • Ectopic pregnancy (where a pregnancy occurs outside of the uterus)
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Heart attack
  • Inflammation of the lining of the lungs (pleurisy)
  • Heartburn
  • Pneumonia
  • Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  • Lung collapse (pneumothorax)
  • Liver inflammation (hepatitis)

When Should You See a Doctor?

It’s critical to get medical help right away if you have any of the following symptoms:
  • Pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest area
  • The pain came on very suddenly, and is severe
  • If you have been involved in significant physical trauma, such as in a car accident
  • Pain that stops you from moving around
  • Vomiting blood or if your vomit looks like coffee grounds
  • Bloody stool, or stool that is black and tar-like
  • You are feeling breathless at rest
  • Peeing less often than usual, or unable to pass urine at all
  • Suspect that you are or may be pregnant
  • If you are unable to poo or pass wind
  • You have an underlying health condition such as cancer
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should visit your primary care physician since the pain could be a sign of a dangerous underlying condition:
  • The pain lasts for more than a few days
  • The pain is getting worse
  • Fever
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • A change in your normal toilet habits
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Frequent or troublesome heartburn
  • Painful or heavy menstrual periods
  • Pain or discomfort on passing urine
  • Yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • The pain is made worse by eating

Home Remedies and Other Ways to Prevent Abdominal Pain

There are a few natural therapies that can help relieve stomach pain from mild abdominal cramps. Try some of the following, depending on your symptoms; it might help:
  • If you are suspecting excessive gas in the GI tract, or indigestion, it may help to lay face down on the floor with a pillow propped under the stomach. It can help the gas move along and provide relief.
  • Avoid eating for a few hours.
  • If you are experiencing symptoms of heartburn or acid reflux, taking an antacid can provide relief.
  • Avoid anti-inflammatory agents, such as NSAIDS, aspirin, or ibuprofen unless directed by a physician. They may make stomach cramps worse.
  • Increase your fluid intake to aid with digestion.
  • Gentle exercise such as walking
  • For prevention of future abdominal pains, you can:
  • Avoid greasy, fried, fatty, acidic, spicy, and harsh foods in general.
  • Eat smaller meals more frequently.
  • Be sure to chew properly and eat slowly.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and increase fiber intake.

REFERENCE:
https://www.symptomfind.com/healthy-living/abdominal-pain?ueid=fd0fd971-926a-4255-b883-9252ea75b4a5https://www.symptomfind.com/healthy-living/home-remedies-for-migraine-headaches-prevention?ueid=fd0fd971-926a-4255-b883-9252ea75b4a5

By: Miss Cherry May Timbol – Independent Reporter

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