Do you experience hot flashes, vaginal dryness, or discomfort after sexual activity as menopause symptoms? If so, HRT, also known as hormone replacement treatment, may be able to assist you. If they are experiencing severe menopause symptoms, many women use HRT. Before attempting the treatment, you should be aware of the hazards associated with HRT. The hazards of HRT may outweigh its advantages for certain individuals. Find out if HRT is the best course of action for you by reading on.
What Is Hormone Replacement Therapy?
Hormone replacement therapy, often known as hormone therapy or HRT, is a drug that includes estrogen and other female hormones. It can aid women in controlling the symptoms of menopause, which occurs a year following your last menstruation. Your ovaries stop producing estrogen as soon as you enter menopause. The estrogen that your ovaries are no longer producing can be replaced with hormone therapy.
Women who have had their ovaries removed or who have been receiving chemotherapy or radiation for cancer may also experience the symptoms of menopause.
If you are going through menopause and have symptoms like these, you may want to think about getting hormone therapy:
Vaginal discomfort after intercourse
Types of Hormone Therapy For Females
A high dose of estrogen that is absorbed throughout the body is used in systemic hormone therapy. It can be used to manage any typical menopausal symptom. It is available as a tablet, skin patch, vaginal ring, gel, lotion, or spray, among other forms.
Low-dose vaginal products: Some hormone therapy treatments include very little estrogen. Typically, they solely address menopause’s vaginal and urinary problems. They are available as cream, tablets, or rings.
Hormone therapy may also lessen bone loss and fractures, in addition to relieving menopause symptoms. Hormone therapy can carry some hazards, therefore you should only use it if the advantages outweigh the risks.
Risks of Hormone Therapy For Females
According to a study, HRT raises the risk of a number of illnesses, including:
In order to promote breast growth, estrogen often attaches to receptors on breast cells. If there are malignant cells in the breasts, estrogen-containing medications like HRT can encourage the growth of those cells.
The heart’s health is affected by estrogen in both favorable and bad ways. Because some evidence suggested estrogen protects women against heart disease, researchers initially hypothesized that HRT might reduce the risk of heart disease in females.
Another study, however, found no long-term reduction in heart disease, heart attacks, or stroke among females taking HRT for three years. The longer someone uses HRT, the higher their risk of having a heart attack, according to a later study.
Their results suggested that HRT might raise the risk for:
Blood clots: Estrogen stimulates processes in the body that promote blood clot formation.
Stroke: Your risk of stroke increases with HRT because blood clots that travel to the brain can cause a stroke.
Womb cancer is known as endometrial cancer (uterus). The endometrium in your womb is stimulated by estrogen therapy, which raises your risk of developing endometrial cancer. Progesterone, a different female hormone made by the body, or progestin, a synthetic form, will be used by your doctor to treat you. Your risk of developing endometrial cancer will go down as a result. It’s possible that you won’t require progesterone or progestin if your womb is surgically removed.
Women who have particular risk factors are more likely than others to experience more adverse effects from HRT. These risk elements consist of:
Age: Age 60 or older, or more than 10 years after menopause begins
Type of hormone therapy: Taking estrogen by itself rather than taking estrogen combined with progesterone/progestin
Health history: Having a family history of the negative effects of hormone therapy, such as heart disease, stroke, or blood clots
By: Miss Cherry May Timbol – Independent Reporter
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