What Exactly Is Dyslexia? Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Your child may suffer from a disease called dyslexia if they appear to struggle with learning, particularly when it comes to reading-related activities. Completing your studies may be difficult if you have dyslexia. Although dyslexia is commonly diagnosed in children, it can also be discovered in adults if the problem was not detected when it first appeared in youngsters. Learn more about dyslexia if you want to know how to tell whether your child has it or if you think you might have it as an adult but haven’t been diagnosed.

What Is Dyslexia?

What is dyslexia, exactly? Reading is challenging for people with dyslexia because they have trouble connecting speech sounds to letters and words.
There are no cognitive, auditory, or visual impairments associated with this illness. Despite their challenges with reading and writing, many individuals with dyslexia are creative, intelligent, and academically gifted. With academic and emotional help, your dyslexic kid can succeed in school.

Signs and Symptoms

How will you know if your child has dyslexia?

Before Starting School

Prior to your child starting school, you might observe them:
  • Have difficulty with learning new words or forming words correctly
  • Have Problems with learning letters, numbers, and colors
  • Start to talk late
  • Have difficulty rhyming

During School Years

The following dyslexia signs may become more noticeable after your child begins school:
  • Difficulty learning to read like the other children
  • Reading well below their expected reading level
  • Difficulty understanding what they heard
  • Having trouble answering questions or finding the right words to use
  • Difficulty remembering the order of things
  • Problems telling letters and words apart
  • Being unable to pronounce words
  • Issues with spelling
  • Spending a long time reading or writing
  • Avoiding reading

Older Children Symptoms

Some of the symptoms your child may have had upon starting school may persist as they get older, coupled with:
  • Difficulty summarizing stories
  • Problems with learning a foreign language
  • Having trouble with math word problems
Dyslexic children, adolescents, and adults exhibit these symptoms.
Undiagnosed and untreated dyslexia frequently results in reading difficulties in school that last into adulthood. In some cases, dyslexia is not discovered until a person is an adult.

Causes of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a congenital condition. Although the precise cause of dyslexia is unknown, researchers believe that issues with language processing areas of the brain are to blame. If there is a family history of dyslexia, your child is more likely to develop it.


Just how is dyslexia identified? When your doctor or your child’s teachers believe that your child may have a learning impairment, testing for dyslexia frequently follows. The illness cannot be diagnosed by a single test. When determining if your kid has a learning disability, your doctors and specialists will typically consider a variety of variables. These consist of:
  • Their developmental, educational, and medical history
  • A family history of dyslexia
  • Assessments for dyslexia that identify reading or learning disabilities
  • Vision, hearing, and neurological tests that can identify disorders other than dyslexia that may be contributing to your child’s learning difficulties
  • A psychological evaluation that can identify mental health issues that may be worsening your child’s learning issues
  • Tests for reading and academic skills to assess how severely your child is affected
Public school systems provide some of these tests at no cost. The diagnosis of dyslexia in adults is made using similar assessments and testing.

Treatments for Dyslexia

Although the brain variations that lead to dyslexia cannot be changed, early detection and screenings for dyslexia can help you determine your child’s unique needs. Your child can become a proficient reader with the help of dyslexia educational programs. It is best to begin interventions as soon as possible.

Educational techniques

Teachers may employ techniques involving hearing, vision, and touch to enhance their students’ reading abilities. Teachers can aid your child in processing information by encouraging them to engage a variety of senses while learning. These teaching methods include listening to a recorded lecture and using their finger to trace the letter patterns in a word. These remedies benefit your child:
  • Learn to recognize the smallest parts of words
  • Understand that strings of letters create words
  • Improve their reading skills
  • Understand what they are reading
  • Build their vocabulary
Along with these methods, your child might benefit from reading specialist tutoring sessions to advance their reading abilities. This additional assistance is provided gratis by many public education systems.

Individual education plan (IEP)

In the United States, schools are required by law to assist dyslexic pupils in resolving their academic difficulties. A systematic, written plan that outlines your kid’s unique needs and what the school will do to meet those needs can be created by your child’s school if they have determined that your child has dyslexia. This plan is known as an individual education plan (IEP). Your child’s IEP includes specific objectives for dyslexia.

What You Can Do For Your Child

You can help your dyslexic child succeed by doing the following things:
  • Address possible learning issues early: If you think your child might have dyslexia, talk to their doctor and teachers as soon as possible. The earlier your child gets help with their learning difficulties, the better.
  • Read out loud to your child: Read stories to your child and listen to recorded books with them to help them improve their reading skills. When your child is ready, they can start reading stories out loud to you.
  • Talk to people at your child’s school: Act as your child’s advocate by asking their teacher how the school can help them succeed. Ask if the school can make an IEP for your child.
  • Set an example for your child: Choose a time each day to read something for yourself while your child reads. This sets an example, showing them that reading can be fun and helps support them in their reading.

What If You Have Dyslexia as an Adult?

Adults with undiagnosed dyslexia could have trouble finding work. You can learn how to overcome the difficulties you’ve faced with the condition if you believe you may have dyslexia that was undiagnosed when you were a child by:
  • Seeking dyslexia screening assessments and help with reading and writing, regardless of how old you are
  • Asking about training or accommodations that your employer or college provides

What To Do Next

You can learn more about dyslexia by using the resources listed below from the International Dyslexia Association.
Additional sources for information on learning disabilities include:
Speak with your doctor and your kid’s teachers if your child appears to be struggling with reading or to have general learning issues. Feel free to contact them for further information about dyslexia and support groups in your region.


By: Miss Cherry May Timbol – Independent Reporter

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Contact by mail: cherrymtimbol@newscats.org
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