Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #253

Brought to You by SEPP (www.SEPP.org) The Science and Environmental Policy Project

THIS WEEK: By Ken Haapala, President, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)

Updated US Climate Change Financing: A recently uncovered report from the Congressional Research Service (CRS) provides data on federal government financing of climate science and climate change activities. This prompted an update of estimates made several years ago, that were discussed in TWTW at the time. The CRS report covers FY 2008 to 2014, with FY 2014 as estimates based on the President’s FY2014 request. (Today, the fiscal year runs from October 1 of the prior year to September 30 of the stated year. For example, FY2017 would be from October 1, 2016, to September 30, 2017.). The report states:

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and federal agencies have identified approximately $77 billion of budget authority available to federal agencies from Fiscal Years 2008 through 2013 for climate change activities. The large majority—more than 75%—funded technology development and deployment, mostly through the Department of Energy (DOE). More than one-third of the identified funding during this period was appropriated in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (P.L. 111-5), enacted February 17, 2009.

In general, agencies spend all their budget authority. The OMB is the source used for expenditure. The report covers several major federal initiatives which address climate: the US Global Change Research Program; the Clean Energy Technologies, formerly called the Climate Change Technology Program; International Climate Change Assistance, largely funding UN Groups such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC); and Climate Adaptation, Preparedness, and Resilience.

The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-606). Its numbers grew from $1.728 Billion in FY 2001 to an estimate of $2.658 Billion in FY 2014, plus an additional 0.641 Billion with the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), also called the Stimulus Bill.

The Clean Energy Technologies grew from $1.675 Billion in FY 2001 to an estimate of $7.933 in FY2014 plus an additional $25.499 Billion in the ARRA. International Climate Assistance grew from $218 Million in FY 2001 to $893 Million in FY 2014 and Adaptation grew from$0 in FY 2009 to $110 Million in FY2014

The total reported numbers also include OMB estimates of Energy Tax Provisions That May Reduce Greenhouse Gases which grew from $0 in FY2001 to an estimate of $9.839 Billion in 2014. Tax credits for alternative electricity generation such as wind and solar fall into this group.

The expenditure estimates were combined with earlier expenditure estimates from the Government Accountability Office to give an indication of approximate government expenditures on climate change since FY1993. The various categories were grouped into two: climate science and other.

From FY 1993 to FY 2014, the government reports show that annual spending on “climate science” grew from $1.306 Billion to $2.658 Billon, totaling $42.488 Billion. Of this total $0.641 Billion came with AARA (the “stimulus bill”). The increase in annual expenditures over the period was a bit over 200%. Over this period “Other” climate related expenditures (including tax credits) grew from $1.046 Billion to $8.936 Billion, totaling $104.289 Billion, with $25.499 Billion coming from ARRA. The increase in annual expenditures over the period was 850%.

Total expenditures for the period grew from $2.352 Billion to $11.594 Billion, for a total of $146.777 Billion with $26.140 Billion coming from ARRA. The increase in annual expenditures was 490%.

The amount going to international assistance, UN groups, grew from $201 Million to $893 Million in 2014, a growth in annual expenditures 440%. The UN groups focus on global warming occurring at the surface, surface-air temperatures, and largely ignore atmospheric warming, where the greenhouse gas effect occurs.

When the budgets for FY 2015 & FY 2016 of the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) are included, the total expenditures for “climate science” from FY 1993 to FY 2016 come to $47.561 Billion with international assistance amounting to $8.240 Billion.

As with UN groups, the USGCRP does not consider atmospheric warming as important. Yet, according to the 1979 National Academy of Sciences “Charney Report”, the greenhouse gas warming occurs in the atmosphere. Since the advent of comprehensive satellite measurements almost 40 years ago, atmospheric warm is slight, and can be explained as from natural causes.

The CRS report also gave the total annual expenditures of climate change in constant 2012 dollars, but the GAO report did not give constant dollars. The index used by the CRS was not available on the web, so the Consumer Price Index from the Bureau of Labor Statistics was used to adjust GAO numbers to 2012 constant dollars. To assure a reasonable adjustment, several calculations were double-checked with CRS numbers. The error in the match sets was less than 1%.

In 2012 dollars, expenditures for climate change grew from $3.740 Billion in 1993 to $11.112 Billion in 2014, for a total of $166.530 Billion from FY 1993 to FY 2014. The growth in expenditures was 297%, or almost 300%. Note that estimates for “Other” climate expenditures were not available for FY 2015 & FY 2016, so the total amount could not be calculated to include those years.

By way of comparison, the Congressional Budget Office estimated that the entire Apollo program, from 1962 to 1973 with 17 missions, and 7 of them sending men to the moon and returning them cost $170 Billion, in 2005 Dollars. Using the CPI this works out to be about $200 Billion in 2012 dollars. In “fighting” climate change, the US is spending almost as much as it did on all the Apollo missions, without examining the correct data. See links under Defending the Orthodoxy.


Number of the Week: As stated above, the 2009 “stimulus bill” contained $26.140 Billion in federal government funding on climate related activities. Such spending provided few “shovel ready” jobs.




Challenging the Orthodoxy — NIPCC

Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate

S. Fred Singer, Editor, NIPCC, 2008


Overcoming Chaotic Behavior of Climate Models

By S. Fred Singer, SEPP, July 2010


Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming

The NIPCC Report on the Scientific Consensus

By Craig D. Idso, Robert M. Carter, and S. Fred Singer, NIPCC, Nov 23, 2015


Download with no charge


Climate Change Reconsidered II: Physical Science

Idso, Carter, and Singer, Lead Authors/Editors, 2013


Summary: http://www.nipccreport.org/reports/ccr2a/pdf/Summary-for-Policymakers.pdf

Climate Change Reconsidered II: Biological Impacts

Idso, Idso, Carter, and Singer, Lead Authors/Editors, 2014


Summary: https://www.heartland.org/media-library/pdfs/CCR-IIb/Summary-for-Policymakers.pdf

Challenging the Orthodoxy

Obsolete Climate Science on CO2

By Richard A. Epstein, The Hoover Institution, Dec 20, 2016 [H/t WUWT]


“At this time, it appears that virtually all the EPA rules rest on outdated science.”

[SEPP Comment: Addresses weaknesses in approaches by establishment climate science defenders such as exaggerated concerns over global warming, dismissive attitude towards independent inquiry, the manner in framing the concept of social cost of carbon, etc.]

Salvaging the Unsalvageable: HFCs and the UN Climate Change Fiasco

By Tim Ball, A Different Perspective, Dec 29, 2016


Skeptical Climate Scientists Coming In From the Cold

By James Varney, RealClear Investigations, Dec 31, 2016


Defending the Orthodoxy

Carbon Dioxide and Climate: A Scientific Assessment

Ad Hoc Study Group on Carbon Dioxide and Climate

By Jule G. Charney, et al. Climate Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, July 23-27, 1979


Climate Change: Improvements Needed to Clarify National Priorities and Better Align Them with Federal Funding Decisions

By Staff Writers, Summary, GAO-11-317, May 20, 2011 [FY 1993 to FY 2010]


Federal Climate Change Funding from FY2008 to FY2014

By Jane Leggett, et al. Congressional Research Service, Sep 13, 2013 https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=745047

U.S. Government’s Fiscal Years 2014 and 2013 Consolidated Financial Statements – Summary

GAO-15-341R: Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2015.


U.S. Global Change Research Program

Thirteen Agencies, One Vision: Empower the Nation with Global Change Science


FY 2015 & 2016 Budget


CPI Inflation Calculator

Databases, Tables & Calculators by Subject


A Budgetary Analysis of NASA’s New Vision for Space Exploration

By Staff Writers, Congressional Budget Office, September 2004 p.18


Questioning the Orthodoxy

Why Climate Alarmists Have Missed the Big Picture

By Alan Carlin, Carlin Economics and Science, Dec 30, 2016


“Climate alarmists have laid out a technical basis that CAGW could occur if all their climate model assumptions were correct. Far, far more likely is that global temperatures will fall, just as they did during the Little Ice Age ending in the 19th Century.”

Prioritizing the environment and jobs with Pruitt at the helm of EPA

By Sen. Jim Inhofe, Washington Examiner, Dec 21, 2016


The Climate Science Challenge,

By Scott Adams, creator of Dilbert, His Blog, Dec 28, 2016 [H/t Cooler Heads]


[SEPP Comment: Seeking the invisible 97%!]

The Illusion of Knowledge

By Scott Adams, Creator of Dilbert, His Blog, Dec 29, 2016 [H/t GWPF]


Mathematical Association of America Reviews Uncertainty: The Soul of Modeling, Probability & Statistics

Posted by William Briggs, His Blog, Dec 26, 2016


You Ought to Have a Look: Panic Among Alarmists

By Patrick J. Michaels and Paul C. “Chip” Knappenberger, Cato, Dec 30, 2016


Link to Curry post: The art and science of climate model tuning

By Judith Curry, Climate Etc. Aug 1, 2016


Newly launched Chinese satellite claims to monitor CO2 – but does it?

By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Dec 27, 2016


Link to paper: A cloud detection scheme for the Chinese Carbon Dioxide Observation Satellite (TANSAT)

By Xi Wang, Zheng Guo. Yipeng Huang, Hongjie Fan, Wanbiao Li, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, Dec 14, 2016


Obama’s National Monument Designation: Second-Term Environmental Policymaking at Its Worst

By William Yeatman, CEI, Dec 29, 2016


[SEPP Comment: Is this the way that certain outgoing administrations punish the public for not continuing their ways?]

Scientists discovered an absurdly easy way to seem convincing

By Kevin Loria, Business Insider, Dec 25, 2016 [H/t Clyde Spencer]


[SEPP Comment: Maybe this is why the EPA claims its endangerment finding is supported by basic physics, without providing the data.]

Discussion thread – Social Cost of Carbon

By David Wojick, Climate Etc. Dec 30, 2016


Polar Bear Population Is Rising, Despite Green Fears

By Andrew Follett, Daily Caller, Dec 22, 2016


After Paris!

Here’s why the Senate should help Trump repudiate the Paris climate agreement

By Marlo Lewis, Fox, Dec 20, 2016


After US Election — Favorable

New EPA Head a Welcome Political Climate Change

By Larry Bell, Newsmax, Dec 19, 2016


New EPA Head a Welcome Political Climate Change

By Larry Bell, Newsmax, Dec 19, 2016


Republican attorneys general eager to dismantle Obama climate agenda under Donald Trump

Democratic states now vow to challenge a GOP-ruled Washington on environmental issues

By Ben Wolfgang, The Washington Times, December 26, 2016


Trump Versus The Green Blob: The Battle That Will Define His Presidency

By James Delingpole, Breitbart, Dec 19, 2016


Trump should adopt these climate-related reforms to make America great again

By H. Sterling Burnett, Orange County Register, Dec 16, 2016


Seeking a Common Ground

The latest climate ‘conspiracy theory’

By Judith Curry, Climate Etc. Dec 15, 2016


Was 2016 the Best Year Ever?

By Bjørn Lomborg, Project Syndicate, Dec 26, 2016


Review of Recent Scientific Articles by CO2 Science

Parts of Asia Were Warmer During the Holocene Than They Are Now

Aizen, E.M., Aizen, V.B., Takeuchi, N., Mayewski, P.A., Grigholm, B., Joswiak, D.R., Nikitin, S.A., Fujita, K., Nakawo, M., Zapf, A. and Schwikowski, M. 2016. Abrupt and moderate climate changes in the mid-latitudes of Asia during the Holocene. Journal of Glaciology 62: 411-439. Dec 30, 2016


“And this finding suggests that there is nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about the air temperatures that are currently being observed around the world. In fact, it actually supports that fact.”

Two Thousand Years of Solar Forcing of Chinese Temperatures

Tiwari, R.K., Rajesh, R. and Padmavathi, B. 2016. Evidence of Higher-Order Solar Periodicities in China Temperature Record. Pure and Applied Geophysics 173: 2511-2520. Dec 22, 2916


Climatic Effects of Methane Emissions from Alaska’s North Slope

Sweeney, C., Dlugokencky, E., Miller, C.E., Wofsy, S., Karion, A., Dinardo, S., Chang, R.Y.-W., Miller, J.B., Bruhwiler, L., Crotwell, A.M., Newberger, T., McKain, K., Stone, R.S., Wolter, S.E., Lang, P.E. and Tans, P. 2016. No significant increase in long-term CH4 emissions on the North Slope of Alaska despite significant increase in air temperature. Geophysical Research Letters 43: 6604-6611. Dec 21, 2016


Models v. Observations

Internal climate variability as a confounding factor in climate sensitivity estimates

By Frank Bosse, Climate Etc. Dec 29, 2016


Model Issues

The art and science of climate model tuning

By Judith Curry, Climate Etc. Aug 1, 2016


Link to manuscript, The art and science of climate model tuning

By Haurdin, et al. American Meteorological Society, July 29, 2016


[SEPP Comment: Simply because global climate models can reproduce 20th century surface warming, does not mean they are suitable for prediction of global warming from greenhouse gases. The warming occurs in the atmosphere. The models fail to predict what occurs in the atmosphere.]

Changing Weather

First Week of 2017: Record Cold, 48 States Going Below Freezing

By Roy Spencer, His Blog, Dec 28, 2016


The heat is on again as 2017 set to be one of the warmest on record

By “Staff Writers, AP, Dec 20, 2016


“Next year will be among the warmest on record but is unlikely to beat 2016’s record temperatures, the Met Office has said.

“Global average temperatures in 2017 are expected to be about 0.75C above the long-term average of 14C seen between 1961 and 1990, according to analysis using the new Met Office supercomputer.”

Changing Earth

Molten iron river discovered speeding beneath Russia and Canada

By Andy Coghlan, New Scientist, Dec 19, 2016


Link to paper: An accelerating high-latitude jet in Earth’s core

By Philip W. Livermore, Rainer Hollerbach & Christopher C. Finlay, Nature Geoscience, Dec 19, 2016


Acidic Waters

The ‘Ocean Acidification’ Narrative Collapses Under The Weight Of New Scientific Evidence

By Kenneth Richard, No Tricks Zone, Dec 29, 2016


Lowering Standards

How to communicate science

What makes influential science? Telling a good story

By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Dec 16, 2016


Study: Hollywood-like dramatic style, not science content, brings citations to climate change papers

By Luboš Motl, Reference Frame, Dec 17, 2016


Communicating Better to the Public – Exaggerate, or be Vague?

Global Warming’s Fingerprints Seen in 24 Weird Weather Cases

By Seth Borenstein, AP, Dec 15, 2016 [H/t Clyde Spencer]


Link to report: Explaining Extreme Events from a Climate Perspective

This BAMS special report presents assessments of how climate change may have affected the strength and likelihood of individual extreme events.

By Staff Writers, American Meteorological Society, Dec 2016


Questioning European Green

The cost of climate change policies: over £300 billion

By Matt Ridley, Rational Optimist, Dec 18, 2016


[SEPP Comment: Where does the public get a refund for inferior government mandated products?]

‘Manager Magazin’ Reports How Renewable Electricity Is Taking Germany On A Wild Ride

By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, Dec 28, 2016


Questioning Green Elsewhere

More bad luck for South Australia, yet another blackout, 300 powerlines down, 125,000 homes cut off

By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Dec 28, 2016


Subsidies and Mandates Forever

Energy Subsidies

By Chris Edwards, Downsizing the Federal Government, Dec 15, 2016 [H/t GWPF]


[SEPP Comment: The article does not consider the hidden costs of solar and wind, and in the US dam subsides are rare, if any. DOE research in energy efficiency and electricity storage are desirable, but results should focus on what is affordable and practical. For example, pumped storage hydro is the most practical form of electricity storage available. But, in the US it runs afoul of the EPA water and land regulations.]

U.K. Clean Energy Sector Shrinks After Government Subsidy Cuts

By Jessica Shankleman, Bloomberg, Dec 16, 2016


[SEPP Comment: Surprise? The fast growth is not self-sustaining?]

EPA and other Regulators on the March

NOAA approves Mid-Atlantic deep-sea coral canyons for protection

By Tamara Dietrich, Daily Press, VA, Dec 15, 2016 [H/t Timothy Wise]


“NOAA Fisheries has designated the region the Frank R. Lautenberg Deep Sea Coral Protection Area, after the late New Jersey senator who spearheaded ocean conservation legislation. It’s the largest protection area in U.S. Atlantic waters.”

Washington’s Control of Energy

WSJ: Obama’s ‘Permanent’ Drilling Freeze Won’t Be Permanent

Editorial, WSJ, Via GWPF, Dec 22, 2016


Obama’s Last-Minute Offshore Drilling Ban Could Be Illegal

By Andrew Follett, Daily Caller, Dec 22, 2016


This nifty map shows why coal power is struggling, Trump notwithstanding

By Warren Cornwall, Science, Dec 16, 2016


[SEPP Comment: According to this article, there is no reason to implement the Administration’s costly power plan. Of course, the hidden costs of unreliable wind are not in the calculations.]

Oil and Natural Gas – the Future or the Past?

The $3.5 Trillion Fracking Economy Is About To Get A Lot Bigger

By Andrew Follett, Daily Caller, Dec 17, 2016


Link to paper: Fracking, Drilling, and Asset Pricing: Estimating the Economic Benefits of the Shale Revolution.

By Gilje, Ready, and Roussanov, National Bureau of Economic Research, Dec 2016


Unravelling the US Shale Productivity Gains

By Trisha Curtis, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, Nov 2016 [H/t GWPF]


Study suggests hydraulic fracturing boosts local economies

By Vicki Ekstrom High, Phys.org, Dec 23, 2016


Link to paper: The Local Economic and Welfare Consequences of Hydraulic Fracturing

By Bartik, Currie, Greenstone, and Knittel, (University affiliations: MIT, Princeton, Chicago, plus National Bureau of Economic Research) Dec 23, 2016 [H/t GWPF]


Abstract: Exploiting geological variation within shale deposits and timing in the initiation of hydraulic fracturing, this paper finds that allowing fracking leads to sharp increases in oil and gas recovery and improvements in a wide set of economic indicators. At the same time, estimated willingness-to-pay (WTP) for the decrease in local amenities (e.g., crime and noise) is roughly equal to -$1000 to -$1,600 per household annually (-1.9% to -3.1% of mean household income). Overall, we estimate that WTP for allowing fracking equals about $1,300 to $1,900 per household annually (2.5% to 3.7%), although there is substantial heterogeneity across shale regions.

[SEPP Comment: The article has errors in its numbers, which, if corrected, would increase the beneficial impacts.]

Nuclear Energy and Fears

Japan pulls plug on troubled fast breeder reactor

By Staff Writers, Tokyo (AFP), Dec 19, 2016


Oh Mann!

I’m a scientist who has gotten death threats. I fear what may happen under Trump.

By Michael Mann, Washington Post, Dec 18, 2016


“The fate of the planet hangs in the balance.”

[SEPP Comment: Based on Mr. Mann’s opinion, we should accept his statistical methods that produce biased results, and global climate models that are not supported by the most relevant data?]

Other Scientific News

How Data Become Science

By Julianna LeMieux, ACSH, Aug 5, 2016


[SEPP Comment: If the editors of the journal are biased, then the entire process is thrown into doubt, as happened with Science Mag.]

Review: ‘Getting Risk Right,’ by Dr. Geoffrey Kabat

By Josh Bloom, ACSH, Dec 19, 2016


“Why do things that are unlikely to harm us get the most attention?”



France unveils the world’s first (and probably last) solar panel road

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Dec 23, 2016


Link to newspaper report: France unveils the world’s first solar panel road: Half-mile stretch could provide enough energy to power entire village’s street lights

By Libby Plummer, Daily Mail, Dec 23, 2016


Limestone Dust: The Latest Climate Geoengineering Favourite

Guest essay by Eric Worrall, WUWT, Dec 16, 2016


Ready, aim …

by Staff Writers, Climate Change Predictions.org, Dec 30, 2016


“Atmospheric scientist Paul Crutzen would like to save the world and darken your day. He proposes in this month’s journal Climatic Change that to screen ourselves from global warming, humans could use heavy artillery to lob huge explosive shells laden with sulphate particles high into the stratosphere.

“A potent mix of pollutants would scatter the incoming sunlight and bounce more sunbeams back into space. Bingo, you’d lower the rate of global warming and give the fossil-fuel industries more reason to push hydrocarbons.

From Sun Herald (Australia) 6 Aug 2006 – screen copy held by the website

Ref.: https://wattsupwiththat.com/2017/01/02/weekly-climate-and-energy-news-roundup-253/



Newscats – on Patreon or Payoneer ID: 55968469

Cherry May Timbol – Independent Reporter
Contact Cherry at: cherrymtimbol@newscats.org or timbolcherrymay@gmail.com
Support Cherry May directly at: https://www.patreon.com/cherrymtimbol


Why do CO2 lag behind temperature?

71% of the earth is covered by ocean, water is a 1000 times denser than air and the mass of the oceans are 360 times that of the atmosphere, small temperature changes in the oceans doesn’t only modulate air temperature, but it also affect the CO2 level according to Henry’s Law.

The reason it is called “Law” is because it has been “proven”!

“.. scientific laws describe phenomena that the scientific community has found to be provably true ..”

That means, the graph proves CO2 do not control temperature, that again proves (Man Made) Global Warming, now called “Climate Change” due to lack of … Warming is – again – debunked!